What are sinuses?
They are air spaces found within the facial and skull area which makes up the upper region of the respiratory tract. The sinuses are located on the forehead and are called frontal sinuses. They are also found in the cheekbones, and these are called maxillary sinuses, while those behind the nose are sphenoid and ethmoid sinuses.
Sinusitis are the inflammation of the tissues that line the sinuses. Such inflammations are usually caused by bacteria, viruses, infections and allergies. The most common causes of sinusitis is an inflammation caused by a virus like the common cold. It can result in bacterial colonization which causes bacterial sinus infection. The main symptoms of sinusitis are pain and pressure in the sinuses. Other symptoms of sinusitis include a toothache, pain between the eyes or in the forehead, congestion and stuffy nose. More severe cases of infections results in sore throat, a green or yellow discharge from the nose, headache, fatigue, and fever.
Most cases of Sinus Infection in Allentown are caused by rhinovirus or the common cold virus. Inflammation caused by these viruses do not respond to treatment with antibiotics. Antibiotics are used only in cases where there is suspicion of a bacteria pathogen.
Some home remedies help to relieve the symptoms of sinusitis. Breathing in humidified warm air or using a squeeze bottle can help reduce the symptoms of sinusitis. If they are caused by allergies, using antihistamines could diminish the symptoms.
Once the symptoms of sinusitis include, headache, fever, double vision, change in vision, swollen eye socket, severe sore throat, neck stiffness, and a discharge of green or yellow mucus, it’s best to see the doctor immediately. If unsure on what the correct diagnosis, still contact the doctor.
Cases of chronic sinusitis are very difficult to treat. There are factors which lead to the chronic inflammation of the sinus passages. Eliminating such factors is a step towards the treatment of chronic sinusitis. Surgery or long-term medications may be needed to treat and control the symptoms.
Not smoking, avoidance of dry environments, using humidifiers when necessary are some of the ways of avoiding Sinus Infection in Allentown. Visit our website to find out more information on symptoms of sinus infections.