A portion of cartilage known as the meniscus cushions the area between the femur and your tibia. The meniscus can be torn while participating in sports or other physical activities that cause the knee joint to rotate. A meniscal tear causes pain, swelling, limited mobility, the inability to straighten the leg, and feeling as though your knee is locking. These symptoms can mimic other conditions, so it is important that the cause is determined. Here are some ways your orthopedic surgeon in Schaumburg can diagnose a torn meniscus.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Magnetic resonance imaging, or MRI, is a diagnostic imaging test that takes images of ligaments and cartilage to determine if the meniscus is torn. Unlike traditional x-rays, and MRI does not use radiation. Although an MRI can help your orthopedic surgeon in Schaumburg make a definitive diagnosis, it is not always reliable. A meniscal tear can look like arthritic changes on an MRI, and because of this, further tests may be needed.
If your doctor needs more clarification, he or she may recommend an arthroscopy procedure. This minimally invasive procedure uses a small camera to look inside your knee. The arthroscope is inserted into a small incision in your knee and you will be awake during the procedure. This is an outpatient procedure and you can go home after the test has been completed.
To make an appointment or to learn more about meniscal tears, call Michael Gitelis M.D. or visit the website online.